Subject Verb Agreement Class 10Th

Subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of grammar that plays a significant role in effective communication. In class 10th, students are often introduced to the concept of subject-verb agreement, which helps them understand how to match the verb and the subject in a sentence correctly.

In simple terms, subject-verb agreement refers to the agreement between the subject and the verb in a sentence. The subject is the person, place, or thing that is performing an action, while the verb is the action being performed. For example, in the sentence, “She sings beautifully,” the subject is “she,” while the verb is “sings.”

To ensure proper subject-verb agreement, students must follow some basic rules:

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs, while plural subjects take plural verbs. For example, “The boy runs fast” (singular) and “The boys run fast” (plural).

2. In sentences with compound subjects, the verb agrees with the subject closest to it. For example, “John and Mary are walking” (plural) and “John or Mary is walking” (singular).

3. Indefinite pronouns like anyone, somebody, everyone, etc., take singular verbs. For example, “Someone is knocking at the door.”

4. Collective nouns like team, class, herd, etc., can take singular or plural verbs depending on the context. For example, “The team is playing well” (singular) and “The team are arguing among themselves” (plural).

5. When the subject is separated from the verb by a phrase or clause, the verb must still agree with the subject. For example, “The book, along with the pen, is on the table.”

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a critical aspect of English grammar that students in class 10th must learn to ensure effective communication. By following these basic rules, students can master the art of matching the subject and verb in a sentence correctly.